As the winter months approach, homeowners with wood stoves begin to prepare for the cold season by getting their heating appliances in working order. One important step in this process is reseasoning the wood stove to ensure optimal performance and safety. Whether you’re a seasoned wood stove owner or a new homeowner looking to keep your stove in top condition, this article will provide you with everything you need to know about how to reseason a wood stove.

1. Introduction to Reseasoning a Wood Stove: Understanding the Importance

Wood stoves have long been a primary source of heat in many households. They provide warmth and comfort during the cold winter months and can also be used for cooking. However, over time, the interior surface of a wood stove can begin to deteriorate due to exposure to heat, moisture, and corrosive elements present in wood smoke. Reseasoning a wood stove involves restoring the interior finish of the stove, protecting it from further damage and improving its performance.

The Importance of Reseasoning a Wood Stove

Over time, the high temperature and corrosive elements of the wood smoke can cause the surface of a wood stove to break down. This can result in cracks, rust buildup, and other damage that can compromise its efficiency and safety, causing serious problems like excessive smoke emissions, fire hazards, and carbon monoxide leaks.

Reseasoning a wood stove is crucial as it not only helps to eliminate these issues but can also improve its heating efficiency and lifespan. Proper seasoning creates a protective layer that minimizes the stove’s susceptibility to damage, leading to a cleaner, more effective, and safer heating source.

In the following sections, we will explore the step-by-step process of reseasoning a wood stove, top mistakes to avoid, and essential tips for maintaining a freshly reseasoned stove. We will also examine the alternative products used for reseasoning and their benefits.

2. Step-by-Step Process of Reseasoning a Wood Stove: Tools and Materials You’ll Need

Reseasoning a wood stove is a crucial process that helps in maintaining its efficiency while also preventing the accumulation of creosote. Before you start, it’s necessary to gather the right tools and materials for the job. Here’s a list of what you’ll need:


  • Wire brush: This helps to remove any debris or rust from the stove surface and flue pipes.
  • Shop vacuum or broom: For cleaning up any loose debris.
  • Rags or towels: To wipe away any leftover residue or ash.
  • Paper towels or newspaper: For covering the inside of the stove and protecting it from the reseasoning product.
  • Safety gloves and goggles: To protect your eyes and hands from any harmful chemicals.


  • Seasoning product: There are several options on the market, including stove polish, high-temperature paint, and stove blacking. Make sure to choose a product that’s meant for the specific type of stove you have.
  • Paintbrush or rag: Used to apply the seasoning product to the stove.

Once you have all the necessary tools and materials, you can begin the reseasoning process. First, use the wire brush to clean off any debris, rust, or residual creosote from the stove surface and flue pipes. Then, use the vacuum or broom to clean up any loose debris.

Next, cover the stove’s interior with paper towels or newspapers to protect it from the seasoning product. Then, open all windows and doors to vent the room and put on gloves and goggles for safety.

Apply the seasoning product to the stove with a paintbrush or rag, making sure to cover all areas evenly. Allow it to dry completely, following the manufacturer’s instructions. Finally, wipe away any excess residue or ash with rags or towels.

With these steps, you can reseason your wood stove and maintain its optimal performance.

3. Top Mistakes to Avoid When Reseasoning Your Wood Stove

Reseasoning a wood stove is a crucial maintenance task that ensures your stove performs at its best. However, there are some common mistakes that people make during the process that can be detrimental to their stove’s health. Here are the top mistakes you should avoid:

Not Cleaning the Stove Properly Before Reseasoning

Many people make the mistake of not cleaning their wood stove thoroughly before reseasoning. This can prevent the seasoning oil from penetrating the stove’s metal surface properly. Any ash, soot, or grime that is left on the surface of the stove can prevent the seasoning oil from adhering to the iron surface, leading to an uneven and short-lived finish.

To avoid this mistake, it’s essential to clean your wood stove thoroughly using a stiff wire brush, a scraper, or sandpaper. Make sure to remove any rust, peeling paint, or stubborn stains before applying the seasoning oil.

Overapplying or Underapplying Seasoning Oil

Another common mistake people make is overapplying or underapplying the seasoning oil. Applying too much oil can lead to drips, bubbles, and a sticky finish that’s difficult to remove. On the other hand, using too little oil can lead to an uneven finish that’s prone to rust and corrosion.

The recommended amount of seasoning oil to use for each application will depend on the size of your wood stove. In general, a light coating of oil is enough to cover the entire surface of the stove. Apply the oil with a lint-free rag or a brush, and make sure to spread it evenly over the surface.

Not Letting the Oil Cure Properly

Many people make the mistake of not letting the seasoning oil cure properly before using their wood stove. Curing is an essential process that allows the oil to settle and create a protective layer of polymerized oil on the surface of the metal.

The curing process can take several hours to a couple of days, depending on the type of oil you’re using, the humidity levels, and the temperature. To avoid damaging the seasoning oil, make sure to let it cure for the recommended time before using your wood stove.

By avoiding these common mistakes, you can ensure that your wood stove is properly reseasoned and ready to provide you with reliable heat for years to come.

4. Tips for Maintaining Your Reseasoned Wood Stove: Ensuring Optimal Performance

After reseasoning your wood stove, it’s important to take proper care of it in order to maintain its optimal performance. Here are some tips to follow:

Regular Cleaning

Clean your wood stove on a regular basis to prevent build-up of creosote and ash. Creosote is flammable and can cause chimney fires, while ashes can clog up your stove’s air inlet, reducing the airflow and thus, the efficiency.

Use a brush to clean the inside surfaces, and a vacuum cleaner to remove the ashes from the bottom. Wear gloves and a mask to protect yourself from the dust and debris.

Inspect and Replace Parts

Inspect your wood stove regularly, paying attention to the door gasket, firebricks, and catalytic combustor (if your stove has one).

If the door gasket is worn out or damaged, replace it to ensure a tight seal. If the firebricks are cracked or broken, replace them to prevent the fire from damaging the steel body of the stove. If your stove has a catalytic combustor, clean it or replace it as needed, as it plays a crucial role in reducing emissions and increasing efficiency.

Proper Fuel and Ventilation

Use dry, seasoned firewood that has been split and stored properly for at least six months. Wet or green wood burns inefficiently and produces more creosote than dry wood.

Open the air inlet and damper fully when starting a fire, and gradually reduce the airflow as the fire gets going to maintain a steady burn and prevent smoking.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your reseasoned wood stove will perform at its best, keeping your home warm and cozy while saving you money on fuel and maintenance costs.

5. Benefits of Reseasoning Your Wood Stove: Saving Energy and Extending Lifespan

Reseasoning your wood stove is important not only for safety reasons but also for maintaining its efficiency. Here are some benefits of reseasoning your wood stove:

1. Saving Energy

One of the main benefits of reseasoning your wood stove is that it can help you save energy. Reseasoning removes any creosote buildup and corrosion from the stove’s interior. Creosote buildup can decrease your stove’s efficiency and cause more wood to be burned to produce the same amount of heat. On the other hand, a reseasoned wood stove’s interior will be smooth and free from any buildup, allowing it to heat up faster and more efficiently, which means you’ll use less wood to heat your home.

2. Extending Your Wood Stove’s Lifespan

Reseasoning your wood stove regularly can help extend its lifespan. The high temperatures inside the stove can cause damage to its interior, but reseasoning helps protect its surfaces and prevent corrosion, which can weaken the metal. A well-maintained wood stove can last for decades, so by reseasoning it, you’re investing in its longevity and saving money in the long run.

3. Enhancing Safety

Reseasoning your wood stove can also enhance safety in your home. When creosote and soot buildup, it can decrease your stove’s efficiency and make it more likely to cause a fire. By removing any buildup, you’re reducing the risk of a house fire caused by a wood stove malfunction. A reseasoned stove also has fewer leaks and cracks, which can prevent carbon monoxide from leaking into your home and causing illness or death.

In conclusion, reseasoning your wood stove is a crucial part of its maintenance, which helps save energy, extend its lifespan, and enhance safety in your home. It’s recommended that you reseason your wood stove at least once a year to ensure optimal performance.

6. Alternative Products for Reseasoning Your Wood Stove: Which One Should You Choose?

If you’re looking to reseason your wood stove, it’s important to choose the right product. While the traditional method of using a spray-on sealer is effective, there are also alternative products that can help you achieve the same results. Here are a few options:

1. Cerfractory Sealant:

Cerfractory sealant is a popular alternative to spray-on sealers. It’s a high-temperature sealant that creates a permanent bond with the inside of your stove. This means that it won’t crack or peel, and it will last for years. Cerfractory sealant is also easy to apply, and it can be used with any type of wood stove.

2. Rutland Grapho-Glas Gasket Kit:

If your wood stove’s doors don’t fit well or if you have leaks around the door, you may need to replace the gasket. Rutland Grapho-Glas gasket kit is an excellent choice for this task. It’s made from fiberglass and coated with a high-temperature adhesive, which makes it resistant to heat, smoke, and gases. The kit includes everything you need to replace the gasket, including adhesive, a gasket material, and instructions.

3. Imperial KK0144 Stove Gasket Cement:

Imperial KK0144 stove gasket cement is another alternative product that you can use to fix leaks and gaps in your stove. It’s a high-temperature cement that can withstand temperatures up to 2000 degrees. This means that it’s perfect for sealing leaks around the door, flue, and other areas.

When choosing an alternative product for reseasoning your wood stove, it’s important to consider your specific needs. Do you need to fix leaks and gaps, or do you just need to create a new layer inside your stove? Consider the type of stove you have, the size of your stove, and the area you need to cover. By choosing the right product, you’ll be able to reseason your wood stove effectively and enjoy its benefits for years to come.

People Also Ask

1. Why do you need to reseason a wood stove?

Reseasoning a wood stove is necessary because over time, the protective layer inside the stove wears off due to burning of wood and exposure to moisture. Reseasoning helps to protect the stove from rust and extends its lifespan.

2. What materials are needed to reseason a wood stove?

To reseason a wood stove, you will need a wire brush, sandpaper, stove cleaner, a paintbrush, high-temp paint, and a heat source.

3. How do you prepare a wood stove for reseasoning?

Preparing a wood stove for reseasoning involves cleaning the interior of the stove using a wire brush and sandpaper to remove any rust or debris, then wiping it down with a stove cleaner before drying it completely.

4. What are the steps to reseason a wood stove?

The steps to reseason a wood stove involve applying a thin layer of high-temp paint to the interior and allowing it to dry for several hours before heating the stove for 30 minutes, then turning the stove off and allowing it to cool completely.

5. How often should you reseason a wood stove?

The frequency of reseasoning a wood stove depends on how often the stove is used. As a general rule, it is recommended to reseason the stove once a year to ensure optimal performance.


Reseasoning a wood stove is an essential maintenance task to protect it from rust and prolong its lifespan. By following the proper steps and using the necessary materials, reseasoning a wood stove can be done easily and efficiently. It is recommended to reseason the stove at least once a year, depending on usage.